Traffico di vite umane: dal Nepal al Medio Oriente.
Traffico di vite umane: dal Nepal al Medio Oriente.
On-line la Newsletter 02/2013!
In questo numero:
resoconto dell’anno appena trascorso, progetti per il 2014, aggiornamento sulle attività nei villaggi in Nepal e nella Children Home, l’esperienza della nostra Alice a Tikapur, incontri ed eventi in Italia.
Per leggere cliccate qui: Newsletter 2_2013
Ritornare a Tikapur dopo quattro anni dal mio primo soggiorno è stata un’esperienza carica di significato. La prima volta che sono giunta in questa cittadina era il 2009, appena tre anni dopo la fine della guerra civile. Dopo aver portato a termine la mia prima visita, ho cercato l’occasione giusta per tornare in quel piccolo pezzetto di mondo. L’opportunità si è offerta quest’anno, quando ho deciso di utilizzare il caso del Nepal per scrivere la mia tesi di master sul land management nei processi di state-building. Oltre alla ricerca, mi sono messa a disposizione come volontaria per dare una mano nei diversi progetti di AVSF.
Le nouveau Népal le pari d’une utopie
Hier royaume d’une monarchie absolue d’origine céleste, le Népal se fait aujourd’hui le porte-drapeau d’une idéologie surgie des pages sanglantes du siècle dernier. Sous la bannière du Maoïsme les terroristes d’hier ont pris les rênes du pouvoir. Plongés dans l’opposition depuis quelques mois, ces révolutionnaires arguent leur légitimité démocratique et la jeune république népalaise flotte entre les dérives aventuristes et l’immense espoir d’une république démocratique fédérale.
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Agricultural productivity in Nepal is one of the lowest in South Asia and has been stagnant in recent years, the result of failure to achieve adequate productivity from the animals, maintain their health, and ensure access to resources for farmers raising livestock, studies show.
AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD 3 NOVEMBER 2013
Migration of Nepali workers to India is a longstanding phenomenon. Studies have indicated that migrant workers are at higher-risk of HIV infection due to their engagement in unsafe sexual and substance use behaviors, while abroad. This study aims to evaluate the possible association between migration and increased prevalence of HIV-risk behaviors among Nepali migrant workers and their vulnerability to HIV/AIDS.
Mass rallies and protest actions demanding that the government creates more jobs in the country to stop the migration of youths abroad were the highlights during the celebration of the International Youth Day in Kathmandu on Monday.
Hundreds of youths joined the peaceful rally organized at various places by different youth organizations. Some came to join the rally to vent their frustration over the government’s failure to provide job opportunities to thousands of Nepali youths, who have been forced to leave the country in search of greener pastures in other countries. Some joined to show their solidarity for the cause.
Niraj Shrestha, a 25-year-old youth from Biratnagar, eastern Nepal, was among those who marched in the capital. Shrestha, who holds a degree in English, is soon leaving for Qatar after failing to get a decent job in Nepal for more than a year.
Shrestha opted to accept a minor job in a supermarket in Doha on the advice of his friend, who works in the same establishment.
“I don’t belong to a well-off family. I have no other choice but to leave the country,” said Shrestha. “I hope things will get better in the future in the country, but I can’t wait any longer.”
Political instability has hit the Nepali economy hard in recent years. According to Central Bureau of Statistics, the unemployment rate stands at an alarming 46 percent. And experts believe unless political stability is achieved, the situation in Nepal would worsen.
In his address during a program marking the International Youth Day, Khila Raj Regmi, Nepal’s Interim Prime Minister said that the government had taken the issue of migration seriously and it would soon come up with various plans to solve the problem.
The government of Nepal had recently announced that it will create 50,000 new jobs this year. It said that 14,600 jobs would be created under its Micro-Enterprises Development Programme (MEDP) , while the rest could be generated by medium and large scale industries that the government hopes to help put up.
But youths like Shrestha are in no mood to wait any longer, pinning all their hopes in migrating to foreign countries to seek a way out from their woes.
It is reported that every day some 1,300 young Nepalese leave the country for foreign employment. An estimated 2.1 million Nepalese are now working abroad, mostly in the Middle East, and sending money to support their families in Nepal.
According to news reports, aside from the Gulf countries, India and Malaysia are the most preferred destinations of Nepalese migrant workers.
Like Shrestha, Anil Gurung will also be leaving for Doha in a month’s time. But Gurung’s reason for leaving is different from that of Shrestha.
The 28-year-old is quitting his job in a pharmaceutical company here to work for a similar company in a foreign land because of a handsome salary.
He said that it would be much easier for him to support his family from abroad because he has been promised a much better salary for the same type of work.
Migration, however, is not entirely bad for the Nepalese economy. In fact, remittances from Nepalese migrant workers have propped up the country’s economy in recent years.
Official data showed that remittances of migrant workers have been the main source of the country’s foreign reserves, and 40 percent of the state budget comes from the earnings of Nepalese migrant workers from abroad.
‘ Child labour remains a major economic and social phenomenon in Nepal. According to the National Child Labour Survey undertaken in 1997 ( 1 ), 1.660 million children (26.6 per cent) out of the total 6.225 million children aged between 5 and 14 years in the country are economically active ( 2 ).Among the 1.660 million economically active children, boys (54 per cent) outnumber girls (46 per cent) ( 3 );Many of these children do not go to schools (14.54 per cent of the boys and 25.96 per cent of the girls) ( 4 );The large part (94.7 per cent, 1.576 million) of the economically active children are engaged in the agriculture sector, mostly as unpaid family workers and partly as forced labour attached to their parents under debt bondage or similar other exploitative labour. Besides agriculture, working children are mainly involved in the services sector (27,000) and communications and transportation sector (26,000) ( 5 );Based on several studies conducted under the IPEC Time-Bound Programme (TBP) ( 6 ), it is estimated that there are 127,143 children working in the worst forms of child labour — as bonded labourers, ragpickers, porters, domestic workers, in mines, in the carpet sector, and being trafficked. According to the same studies, the children involved in these forms of child labour start working between the ages of 10 and 14. In addition, more than one-third of them are illiterate, and a majority are school dropouts, who have been brought to their present workplace by their parents or relatives. It also appears that they all come from landless and relatively large families. Finally, more than 80 per cent of children trapped in the worst forms of child labour have migrated for work. With the exception of children bonded into agricultural labour and children working as long distance porters in the rural areas of Nepal, the vast majority of children work in urban areas.’
Success Story from Nawalparasi District of Nepal
“Increasing indulgence of school staff in party politics, lack of transparency in managing school budgets and a lack of accountability of teachers and school management to communities they work in – these are well known underlying reasons for poor quality of education and exclusion in rural areas of Nepal. But can local communities do anything to change the situation and to improve the quality of school education? YES, THEY CAN!”